As a suitable pharmaceutical chemical, sodium bicarbonate is used as neutralizing factor, buffering agent and effervescent factor. As a buffering factor, it can prevent any change in ph value of other chemical when bases or acids are combined. Its chemical properties neutralize bases or acids in a solution. Its reaction with carbon di oxide gas produces effervescent effect. Due to its stable chemical properties, sodium bicarbonate is not affected by high temperature or sunlight. Due to this aspect, offered chemical is used to formulate drugs. This water soluble chemical is non toxic and it is available in pure form.