Sodium hexanoate is the sodium salt of caproic acid that has the chemical formula C6H11NaO2. It is categorised as a fatty acid salt and is a member of the carboxylate chemical family. This substance is used as a flavouring and food additive. It is permitted for use in a variety of food products by regulatory bodies such the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Sodium hexanoate adds a sour or salty flavour to improve the flavour of particular meals and beverages. It is used in several industries in addition to the food industry.
Sodium Hexanoate Properties:
1. Chemical Formula: C6H11NaO2
2. Molecular Weight: Approximately 142.16 g/mol
3. Appearance: Sodium hexanoate is usually found as a white to off-white powder or solid.
4. Solubility: It is soluble in water and other polar solvents.
Applications of Sodium Hexanoate:
1. Food Additive: Sodium hexanoate is used as a food additive in the food industry to enhance flavor and aroma. It is commonly used as a flavoring agent in baked goods, dairy products, confectionery, and beverages.
2. Pharmaceutical Industry: It may be used in the pharmaceutical industry as an excipient or as an ingredient in certain medications.
3. Cosmetics and Personal Care Products: Sodium hexanoate can be found in cosmetics and personal care products, such as creams, lotions, and hair care products, for its emollient and moisturizing properties.
4. Industrial Chemicals: It can be utilized as a raw material or intermediate in the production of other chemicals in various industrial processes.
5. Corrosion Inhibitor: Sodium hexanoate may serve as a corrosion inhibitor in some applications1. , protecting metal surfaces from degradation.
6. Biotechnology: In biotechnological processes, sodium hexanoate may be used as a substrate or nutrient source for certain microorganisms.
Q. What is Sodium Hexanoate?
Ans: Sodium Hexanoate, also known as Sodium Caproate, is a chemical compound with the molecular formula C6H11NaO2. It is the sodium salt of hexanoic acid (caproic acid), a carboxylic acid with a six-carbon chain.
Q. What are the common uses of Sodium Hexanoate?
Ans: Sodium Hexanoate has several applications, including its use as a food additive to enhance flavor and aroma in the food industry. It can also be found in cosmetics and personal care products, used as a corrosion inhibitor, and utilized as a raw material in the production of other chemicals.
Q. Is Sodium Hexanoate safe for consumption?
Ans: In regulated quantities, Sodium Hexanoate is considered safe for consumption in food and beverages. It is approved as a food additive by various regulatory authorities, such as the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).
Q. Can Sodium Hexanoate be used in pharmaceutical products?
Ans: Yes, Sodium Hexanoate may be used in the pharmaceutical industry as an excipient or as an ingredient in certain medications. Its specific uses in pharmaceuticals would depend on the formulation and purpose of the drug.
Q. Is Sodium Hexanoate harmful to the environment?
Ans: Sodium Hexanoate is generally considered to have low toxicity and is biodegradable. However, like any chemical substance, it should be handled and disposed of responsibly according to local regulations to minimize any potential environmental impact.
Q. Can I use Sodium Hexanoate as a corrosion inhibitor?
Ans: Yes, Sodium Hexanoate can function as a corrosion inhibitor, protecting metal surfaces from degradation. It is commonly used in various industrial applications to prevent corrosion.
Q. Is Sodium Hexanoate the same as Caproic Acid?
Ans: No, Sodium Hexanoate is the sodium salt of Caproic Acid. Caproic Acid itself is a carboxylic acid with the same molecular formula as Sodium Hexanoate (C6H11O2), but it lacks the sodium ion.
Q. Where can I find Sodium Hexanoate?
Ans: Sodium Hexanoate can be purchased from chemical suppliers, industrial vendors, and sometimes even from online retailers. However, it is essential to ensure you source it from reputable and trusted suppliers.
Q. Is Sodium Hexanoate flammable?
Ans: Sodium Hexanoate is not highly flammable. As with any organic compound, it should be stored and handled with care to avoid potential fire hazards.
Q. Can I ingest Sodium Hexanoate directly?
Ans: Sodium Hexanoate should not be ingested directly in its pure form. It is intended for specific applications and use in regulated quantities, particularly in the food industry, where it is safe for consumption.